The best way to fight any kind of deadly disease is by catching it in the early stages when it is more likely to be treated.
Throat cancer can progress rapidly, that is why treating it early on can increase the survival chances. The issue is that with most types of cancers, there are very mild symptoms in the beginning. A trip to a doctor should be your priority is you observe any of the following ten symptoms of lung cancer.
1. Difficulty in swallowing
2. Soreness in the throat
3. Changes in voice such as hoarseness
4. Sudden weight loss
5. Bleeding in the nose and mouth
6. Blood in the cough
7. Swelling in the neck or eyes
8. Pain while swallowing
9. A lump which doesn’t go away
10. Pain in the ear
You should immediately consult a doctor if you observe any new signs and symptoms that are not going away. As most of the symptoms can have other reasons as well, the doctor will examine the most common causes first.
What Puts you at High Risk of Throat Cancer?
Even though the specific cause of throat cancer is still not clear. The cancer is throat happens when normal cells keep multiplying uncontrollably and cause a tumour. There are several reasons that can put you at a high risk of developing throat cancer. Some of those are:
- Using too much tobacco for a long duration. People who tend to smoke and chew tobacco are at the biggest risk of getting cancer of throat and even some other types.
- If a person is drinking too much alcohol, then he/she is vulnerable to develop throat cancer.
- Human papillomavirus or HPV which is a sexually transmitted virus is also linked to the cancer in throat which also includes tonsil cancer. Kids between the ages of 11-12 can be protected against HPV through vaccination.
There are many other risk factors which include:
- Exposure to chemicals
- Old age, generally after 60s
- Men are at higher risk as compared to women.
- Genetic Syndromes
- Exposure to asbestos
- Poor dental hygien