What are Periodontal Diseases?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, can be classified into gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis refers to the swelling of gums, whereas periodontitis affects the gums as well as the bone supporting the tooth.
Periodontitis can result in eventual bone loss and loss of teeth due to mobility. Gingivitis (gum inflammation) precedes periodontitis, but not all gingivitis cases can progress to periodontitis.
What are the Types of Periodontal Diseases?
So, the two types of periodontal diseases include:
- Gingivitis: Swelling of the gums and the soft tissues surrounding the teeth.
- Periodontitis: Advanced form of the disease which originates from the gums and spreads to the underlying tissues such as the bone supporting the tooth.