Do you know what’s estrogen? Estrogens are hormones that are important for sexual and reproductive development, mainly in women. They are also referred to as female sex hormones. According to the experts, the term “estrogen” refers to all of the chemically similar hormones in this group, which are estrone, estradiol (primary in women of reproductive age) and estriol.
You should also know that (in women), estrogen is produced mainly in the ovaries; it is also produced by fat cells and the adrenal gland. At the onset of puberty, estrogen plays a role in the development of so-called secondary sex characteristics, such as breasts, pubic hair and armpit hair.
There are many times throughout a person’s life when estrogen levels may change. For example, estrogen levels naturally increase during puberty and during pregnancy. Estrogen levels fall after menopause, or when a woman stops menstruating. This reduction in estrogen production can cause symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness and loss of sex drive. Estrogen levels also decrease after childbirth. High levels of estrogen is often confused with the PMS symptoms. If not treated on time, it may lead to some cancer types, as previously mentioned, fibroids of the womb, recurring abortions, and infertility.